Tips for looking after your Nordic skiing equipment properly. With Laurent, the ski workshop manager of the Domancy store at the Quechua international headquarters.
First of all, it is important to know that there are broadly 3 types of cross country skiing :
- classic style, which uses wide skis with fish scales. These stop you going backwards when you're climbing;
- performance skiing, which uses narrower skis, in skating style (like a skater) or alternative style (following the tracks on the piste).
Obviously, these skis are not maintained in the same way and it is necessary to use different products.
Advice for all types of skis
The thing to look our for is a white base. When the base of your skis looks a bit white it's time to wax them.
Wax is the substance you apply to the base of the skis in order to improve their glide through the snow. Applying wax to the base depends on many factors: the quality of the snow, humidity, temperature of the snow etc.. They are all very variable.
Waxing skis with fish scales
For cross country skiing as a leisure activity, it is simpler to focus on synthetic waxes in cans, sticks, or even in wipes. It's easy to use and enough to improve the glide on the part of the ski without scales. Do not wax the fish scale part of the skis, in case you block the scales and reduce the grip that they offer.
Waxing skating style skis
For skating style skiing, we are only interested in gliding performance. To obtain this glide, the first essential step for skis, even new ones, is impregnation. During this operation, we fill the base with wax by alternating hot waxing and cold waxing. This protects the base deeply. Impregnating can be done at beginning and end of the season to protect the base better.
Once this operation is complete, once the base has been brushed and the grooves emptied of surplus wax, apply a layer of glide wax.
Waxing skis for alternative style skiing
As with skating style skis , it is necessary to impregnate the skis before applying the wax. Wax, or rather some waxes. Because, if you apply glide wax to the front and back areas of the skis, you also need to apply grip wax on the grip area under the foot (area of approximately 65 to 75 cm).
How do you wax skis? Discover how to wax your skis on our video!
Storage and upkeep
First of all, it is important to note that it is best to avoid storing skis wet, especially if they have had any knocks. In fact, water could seep into the skis and distort the structure.
Next, you must not wait to repair a damaged base. Holes are just some of the details which limit the glide.
Finally, you must not store the skis tight against one another. In the long run, this may change the camber of the skis. Cross-country skis must therefore be stored against a wall, next to each other in a cool location.